You know you have a bed bug problem if:
• You find bed bug droppings called blood stains in your bed or other fabric; these blood stains/droppings refer to the waste they leave behind after blood digestion in their guts. It is usually shown in dark, black or sometimes yellowish spots as stains, and it often signals the hiding place of a bed bug itself.
• You can smell a pungent odour (better described as a sweet over-ripening fruit smell; coriander herb/Chinese parsley smell; light petrol-like smell) that usually signals that there are lots of bed bugs in the room.
• You find small shed skin fragments all around the room; bed bugs shed their skin (exoskeleton) that will probably be scattered all around the floor or in hidden places. Bed bugs need to shed their skin when they are growing, and they leave the old skin behind as they do so. This is a process called the "shedding".
• You are starting to experience itchy swellings and redness on all possibly exposed body parts; such symptoms are usually caused by bed bugs. Even after the swellings have subsided, dark pigments may still remain on the skin for a certain period of time that are commonly known as bed bug “visit marks.” If the same skin area is being bitten by a bed bug frequently, a dry, scale-like and dark patch will appear in its stead.
• Remember: Making sure you have bug problem is never easy. If you are not confident enough as to how you can go about performing proper inspection, another easy diagnosis you may do is using bed bug monitoring tools. The First Response Bed Bug Monitor will be a valuable companion, for all you have to do is place it around the bedding area where suspected bed bug activities may occur overnight. You will get the results in the morning. Please try to place this trap only in the evening (preferably 1 hour before sleep) for better results. First Response Bed Bug Monitor is used like this:
What to do when you have bed bug problems:
• The most efficient way to kill bed bugs is by using the efficient aerosol (Control AIK aerosol) or spraying products (Defender, Ecosmart Bed Bug Killer for Cracks & Crevices or Ecosmart Bed Bug Killer for Mattress & Carpets) straight on them whenever you see them. If that is not possible, you may use those products on bed bug preferred areas directly: behind the head board (usually fabric or wooden-based materials), at/in the bed frame or the bed roller, if any; in the corner or along the mattress' folded seams; in the pillow or mattress case; skirting board; behind the wall painting or photo; surrounding the nail on the wall; along the parquet floor, behind loose wallpapers and in and around any other concealed items within a 3-meter range from the bed.
• If they found their way into your luggage or similar items, use those aforementioned aerosol products on them, and do not forget to remove the item from the place where the bed bug activity is suspected.
• Under NO circumstance should you spray aerosol products on clothes or expensive items made from/with fabric. If you intend to do so anyway, please try a little bit on the target item first to ensure that you do not accidentally cause permanent damage/stain on the item in question. The reason for that is because such materials can’t be treated with any product; the suggested course of action would be to soak or wash it with hot water on at least 60°C for a minimum of 30 minutes, if possible, or try dry cleaning it with a chemical solvent called perchloroethylene (a.k.a “Perc”, or with symbol)
How to prevent bed bugs from ever coming back:
• Once accidentally brought into the house, bed bugs can reproduce and spread at an elevated rate. What I usually suggest is to carry out a good preventive measure within the confines of an exclusion plan – do not bring the bed bug back!
This can be done with caution if done the right way. Every time we go for a travel, pre-check the booked hotel room with a good torchlight (by paying particular attention to the mattresses and head board areas) before putting all of our luggage in one confined space. After our initial recon has been completed, spray the Ecosmart Bed bug Repellent on the outer casing of the luggage and surrounding the bed frame to keep yourself and the luggage safe from possible bed bug intrusion. Remember to double check your items before check-out to ensure you and your luggage is “clear” from unwanted bed bugs.
• I suggest applying the Bytrac repellent gel for safety purposes to seal off all possible cracks and crevices that are highly potential places bed bugs might hide within to catch a ride into your home. It is easy: just squeeze the grease gel onto any small crack and gap to block crawling insects, including the renowned bed bugs.
Bytrac serves as a long-term preventive measure against bed bug infestation from at least 6 months up to a year depending on environmental conditions. Recommended to use with 0.5 – 1cm thickness (the hole size of the tube has been fixed for the optimum thickness and needs no special adjustment) of the gel layer, and the length will depend on the size of the target cracks and crevices. A tight and complete sealing with the gel is important to prevent the future reoccurrence of beg bugs.
• Common bed bug (Cimex lectularius)
• Tropical bed bug (Cimex hemipterus)
• Until today, bed bug has not yet been reported to spread any serious disease, however, its bites can not only cause itchy swellings and dark patches but may also subsequently trigger the allergic reaction called urticarial reactions or anaphylaxis.
Also some people might also develop psychological symptom such as delusionary parasitosis (patients feel the bed bug is around and may develop some skin reaction even though there is no bed bug around).
• Bed bugs hatching from their eggs can grow up within 3-4 weeks, which means they grow exponentially every year. One female is able to produce 50-100 eggs, and within just a few months, a house can easily become heavily infested. Once they totally infiltrated the premises, it is going to be difficult to eradicate them.
• Tropical bed bug is dominant in Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia, Myanmar and other countries, because they can easily survive without food up to 1-2 months in the tropical climate.